All cells besides Bacteria and Archaea cells are made up of eukaryotic cells.

Eukaryotic Cells

  • Eukaryotic cells are very complex.
  • Although animal and plant cells are both eukaryotic cells, there is some variation in organelles.
  • Eukaryotic cell's cytoplasm is broken up by plasma membrane. Membranous organelles = Nucleus, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Apparatus, Mitochondrion, lysosomes and peroxisomes
  • Because of plasma membrane chemical activities of a cell occur within organelles. This enables cells to perform multiple chemical processes with in different organelles and it increases eukaryotic's total membrane area. Organelle membranes enable important metabolic processes.